The Spanish language or ‘Castellano’ is a Romance language and one of the United Nation’s six official languages. After Mandarin Chinese, it is the most widely spoken language in the world for the number of native speakers. It is also the world’s second most studied language after English and the third most used on the internet.
The following is a useful guide of basic phrases for your trip to Barcelona:
Everyday Useful Phrases
|Hello – Hola
Good Morning – Buenos días
Good Afternoon – Buenas tardes
Good Evening – Buenas noches
How are you – ¿Cómo estás?
I’m well, thankyou. – Estoy bien, gracias
What’s your name? – ¿Cómo te llamas?
My name is – Me llamo
Pleased to meet you – Encantado de conocerte
What time is it? – ¿Qué hora es?
Please – Por favor
Thankyou very much – Muchas Gracias
You’re welcome – De nada
Yes – Si
No – No
Excuse me – Disculpe
Sorry -Lo siento
See you tomorrow – Hasta mañana
See you next time – Hasta la vista
See you soon – Hasta luego
|I don’t speak Catalan – No hablo Catalán
Do you speak English? – ¿Hablas inglés?
Does anyone here speak English? – ¿Hay alguien aquí que hable inglés?
How much is it? ¿Cuánto cuesta?
Help! – ¡Socorro!
Be careful! – ¡Ten cuidado!
I don’t understand – No lo entiendo
Where is the bathroom? – ¿Dónde está el baño?
Open – Abierto
Closed – cerrado
I’ll call the police – Llamaré a la policía
Thief! – ¡Al ladrón!
I need your help – Necesito su ayuda
It’s an emergency – Es una emergencia
I’m lost – Estoy perdido
I’ve lost my suitcase – He perdido mi maleta
I’m sick – Estoy enfermo
I’ve just been hurt – Me acaban de herir
Can you call a doctor? – Llamen a un médico
Could I use your telephone please? – ¿Podría usar su teléfono, por favor?
Barcelona sightseeing tours
How much does a ticket to ….cost? – ¿Cuánto cuesta un billete para ___?
A ticket to …..please – Un billete para ___, por favor
To have breakfast – Desayunar
To have lunch – Comer
To have dinner – Cenar
A table for two please – Una mesa para dos, por favor
I’m a vegetarian – Soy vegetariano
I don’t eat pork – No como cerdo
Please can you use less oil? – Por favor no use demasiado aceite
Water – Agua
Beer – Cerveza
Red/Rosé wine – Vino tinto/rosado
Fork – Tenedor
Knife – Cuchillo
Spoon – Cuchara
Salt and Pepper – Sal y Pimienta
The bill, please – La cuenta, por favor
Do you accept credit cards? – ¿Acepta tarjeta de crédito?
Do you have any rooms free? – ¿Hay habitaciones libres?
How much is a room for one/two people? ¿Cuánto cuesta una habitación para una/dos personas?
OK – De acuerdo
I will stay here for …nights – Me hospedaré aquí durante ___noches
Where can I exchange foreign money? – ¿Dónde puedo cambiar divisas?
What is the rate for exchanging foreign money? – ¿Cuál es la tasa por cambio de divisa?
Origin of the name
According to the Real Academia Española (Spanish Royal Academy), the word español comes from the Medieval Latin word Hispaniolus that means from Hispania. The other denomination for the language, castellano, comes from the Latin Castellanus that means from Castilla.
The Spanish language extended throughout the Peninsula during the Late Middle Ages due to the expansion of the Christian kingdom during the Reconquista (reconquest). The colonisation of America also provoked its expansion throughout most of the American continent and from 1770 onwards Spanish language was officially taught.
Spanish, or castellano, is the official language of nineteen countries in America, Spain and Equatorial Guinea, although it is actually spoken in all five, main continents.
A growing language
It was predicted that in 2000 the number of Spanish speakers in the United States alone would reach 35,000,000. That year, Spanish overtook English as the most widely spoken language in the Western world. In 2001 there were approximately 400 million Spanish speakers.
The Instituto Cervantes is an organization that represents the diffusion of the Spanish language, and between 1986 and 1990 it reports an increase of 70% in the number of Spanish students in the United States and 80% in Japan. The organization’s Director admits that this interest reflects an increasing awareness of the importance of the Spanish language in the West and that it is spoken in so many different countries.
If you would like to read more about the history of the Spanish language, you can find further information on Wikipedia.
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